Subsidies in UK Agriculture
>----------------------------------------<00(O)00> ----------------------------------------<

The UK, along with all other European Countries, makes large contributions to the Common Agricultural Policy, which exists in the EU to stabilise market prices in the food industries. The CAP has helped in many countries to keep sizeable populations working on the land, where a 'drift to the cities' would not be wanted by anyone.

A very brief summary of the UK's balance account in 2000 is:- (also with 1996 for comparison)

  2000 1996
Agriculture's Contribution to total economy, current prices, £ 6,646 million ( £ 10,069 million)
Workforce in Agriculture 557,000 people,
2.0 % of population
(616,000 people, 2.3%)
Imports from 14 members of EU £ 10,886 million (£ 11,120 million)
Imports from rest of world £ 6,117 million (£ 6,646 million)
Exports to 14 members of EU £ 5,403 million (£ 6,396 million)
Exports to rest of world £ 3,317 million (£ 3,662 million)
UK self sufficiency in food, - all food, 66.5% (68.0%)
UK self sufficiency in food, indigenous type food, 79.0% (81.9%)
Total Household final consumption of food and drinks £ 88,600 million (£ 80,287 million)

(NOTE: This total consumption figure is accounted for by the added value in processing and retailing. Much of agricultural production is used as animal fodder, which makes the figures difficult to interpret). Ref. 4, Table 2.1, p18-19

Total Agricultural Land Use ( 1ha = 2.471 acres)
From Ref. 4, Table 3.1, p31

18,306,000 hectares ( 1996 - 18,750,000 ha)
Of which, 4,665,000 crops, 1,226,000 grass under 5 years, 5,364,000 grass over 5 years, 4,437,000 rough grazing, 567,000 set aside (land taken out of use), 1,232,000 "Common rough grazing"
Total Cattle and Calves 11,133,000 cattle ( 12,040,000)
Total Home-fed marketing 2,267,000 cattle (2,113,000)
Home-fed production 706,000 tonnes ( 710,000 tonnes)
Value of home-fed Production £ 2,011 million, (£ 2,546 million)
of which value of home-fed production £ 1,133 million, (£ 1,326 million),
subsidies, £897 million (£ 1,312 million)

>----------------------------------------<00(O)00> ----------------------------------------<

Next Previous Food Index Page Food Start Page Food Project Home Page